cooperatives plan to
develop some 53 species
101 of the new fruit cooperatives
set up in the country - located in 96 municipalities
- plan to cultivate some 53 different species of
fruit, based on the climatic conditions and
traditions of each area.
"These entities already existed,"
the Head of the National Program for Urban and
Suburban Agriculture, Dr. Adolfo Rodríguez Nodals,
told Granma, "but this is now their main
About three years ago, the Fruit
Cooperatives Movement was set up with about 10
cooperatives – which formed part of the National
Association of Small Farmers (ANAP) - in 60
municipalities. The vast majority were included in
the Suburban Agriculture program.
"Now we are working in line with the
framework of this program to have at least one
cooperative in each of the municipalities that were
not included previously, and this includes not just
Credit and Services Cooperatives (CCS) and
Agricultural Production Cooperatives (CPA), but also
Basic Units of Production (UBPCs) and in very
specific cases, some State Farms," Nodals explained.
Mango, guava, avocado, coconut,
colored mamey or sapota, custard apple, papaya,
soursop, acerola or cherry, louquat, sapodilla,
sugar apple and plum are the species that will be
planted in the majority of places.
"The production units in semi-arid
areas", Rodríguez Nodals noted, "will venture into
growing some of the species suited to these
conditions which are not grown today such as dates
and dragon fruit. A challenge will be to develop the
now almost disappeared citruses, such as lemon, sour
oranges, Seville oranges, tangerines and limes or
According to the official, citrus
seedlings will be cultivated centrally in green
houses with the technical oversight of the Center
for Plant Health, due to problems with existing
diseases that affect these plants.
During the last tour by the National
Group of Urban and Suburban Agriculture (number 66)
it was proposed that, depending on soil
characteristics, no less than 20 different species
of fruit be planted in this first stage, which
extends to January 2016. In addition, it was
determined that producers will plant no less than 20
hectares per cooperative.
The National Group also called on
all the territories where these productive methods
are being used to collect the seeds of rare or
nearly disappeared species such as sugar apple,
yellow sapote, cashew apple, custard apple and star
apple, among others.
Additionally, there are plans to
install two juice extractors per municipality and a
mini processing plant. "In the case of the juicers,"
Nodals explained, "we are working to prioritize
their location (at least one of the two per
municipality) in locations near hospitals".
"During the 66th tour, six juice
extractors of this type were inaugurated in
Artemisa, eight in Havana, ten in Matanzas, one in
the Los Llanos hospital in Maisí (Guantánamo) and
one in Santa Cruz del Sur, Camagüey . They are
directly managed by cooperatives which contributes
to more affordable prices for the population."
Nodals explained that during the
next tour (this November and December), the visits
will be repeated in order to monitor at least five
of the groves already planted, among the planned 20
species of fruit, and review the official planting