During a Round
Table program aired on Cuban television on April 25, 2003, I
pointed out that the then Spanish President José María Aznar,
an ally of the world's leader in genocides and massacres, had
met with President William Clinton on April 13, 1999, at an
uncertain juncture of the war in Yugoslavia, and had told him,
"If we’re at
war, let’s make it an all-out war, in order to win, to achieve
more than a partial victory. Even if the war must last a
month, three months, let's wage it. I don't understand why we
have not yet bombed Serbian radio and television".
Aznar and US
government spokespeople have kept silence about this. The text
that follows has never before been published. I will use other
materials, both public and confidential, in reflections to
[...] "AZNAR: I will speak
frankly. As I've already told President Clinton, the one thing
that cannot happen is for NATO to be defeated now. Not only
NATO's credibility, but its very existence as well, is now at
stake. Had this conflict taken place 30 years ago, we would
not have intervened. Europe has always been plagued by ethnic
cleansings, confrontations between minorities and majorities,
religious conflicts. Today, this is no longer tolerable. From
the political point of view, we will never be in favor of
Kosovo's independence, because of what we said before".
Referring to Chirac, the
French president, he said: "I will speak with him tomorrow in
Brussels. When I want to have a good time with Chirac, I start
by saying to him that 'these Americans are truly horrible’. I
had dinner with him at the Elysium three weeks ago. I don’t
know what had happened between you, but he was saying terrible
things about you. I told him that was all fine and good, but
that I wasn't there to discuss that.
"My idea is that, in order to
win the war, the lines of communication between the Belgrade
government and the people must be cut off. All of Serbia's
lines of communication, its radio, television and phones, must
be put out.
“In addition to this, we must
restructure our information policy. NATO's information policy
is disastrous. We're giving people the impression we've set
out on an adventure, not that we're waging a war. There are
real communication gaps. We have to go as far as we can on
this, patiently cut off all supplies and lines of
“We have to be careful with
Italy and Greece. Air traffic and tourism in Italy are being
severely affected. D'Alema is doing a good job, given the
circumstances. We must not let him arrive at facile solutions.
"We must step up humanitarian
aid efforts. Our citizens must see the efficacy of our
humanitarian work as the other side of the bombings.
"It would be senseless to
change positions now. I spoke with Annan yesterday. I saw that
he had a firm stance on the matter. I stressed this to Annan.
We can be flexible, but we cannot give people the impression
that NATO is withdrawing.
"We can be flexible with
respect to whether NATO would lead this force or not, but we
cannot content ourselves with having OSCE (Organization for
Security and Co-operation in Europe) observers return. In
addition to transparency, we must have a guarantee.
"We must continue to pursue
this strategy, to see if it possible for him to be overthrown
internally" (He is referring to Serbian President Slobodan
"If a number of his generals
fear that they can be accused before the Hague Tribunal, they
may cooperate. Milosevic will likely try and come to an
agreement. We must attempt to have that agreement reduce and
not increase his power.
"We need not even touch on
the matter of the land operation.
"Everyone understands that
plans are in the making, anything else would be illogical. If
our current strategy isn't working, we have to explore other
options. It must be put on the table for consideration. If
everything we're doing leads us nowhere, we'll have to
intervene in the coming months. But our actions could not be
limited to Kosovo. Rather, they would include other areas of
the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, going through Bosnia and
Hungary, even. The Hungarian president is a young and
intelligent leader, he told me that we will never be
successful unless the following happens: Milosevic out of
office, Kosovo split into two and a reformulation of the
policy towards Bosnia-Herzegovina, to be divided as follows: a
united Serbian Republic for Serbia, the Croatian part for
Croatia and an independent Muslim part. I don't agree with
this idea, but I believe it is gaining ground in countries in
the region. It will be very hard for Serbs and Albanians to go
back to living together again. We must continue to do what
we've been doing, but we've been in Bosnia for many years now
and we don't know when we will be able to get out of there.
The Albanians may accept the idea of a confederation, but this
will not be possible if Milosevic remains in power.
"If they have no guarantee of
a Serbian presence in the regions that symbolize the birth of
their civilization for them, they won't accept it. The feeling
that native soil has been lost, that this soil must be "liberated",
"Our priority is to win the
war; we'll see what happens afterwards".
[…] I ask Mr. Aznar to tell
us whether it is true or not that, on April 13, 1999, he
advised President Clinton to bomb Serbian radio and television.
Fidel Castro Ruz
September 29, 2007